What’s The Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security Act?
The Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act is the third phase of the work to tackle the outbreak. It follows the $8 million in emergency
medical funding, and the passage of the Families First bill last week, that addressed paid sick leave. This is the summary we obtained from the Senate
Provides Money to American Families
A one-time tax rebate check of $1,200 to every American whose 2018 tax return, or 2019 if filed, showed income at or below $75,000. That’s $2,400 per married
couple, with an extra $500 per child. There’s no minimum threshold, so all working people benefit. That assistance is reduced for those earning between
$75,000 – $99,000, and ends at $99,000, to give more help to the middle class.
Expands unemployment insurance to self-employed workers and makes more money available for longer
Makes it possible for self-employed and independent contractors in the “gig economy” to receive unemployment, and increases benefits
by adding $600 per week for up to four months.
+ Additional $260 billion to support workers affected by COVID-19.
+ Under this pandemic unemployment assistance program, funding will also be provided to states to reimburse 501(c)(3) nonprofits, government agencies,
and Indian tribes for half of the costs they incur to pay unemployment benefits.
Helps Small Businesses Keep Employees and Stay Open
Creates a “Paycheck Protection program” that will provide 8 weeks of cash-flow assistance through 100 percent federally guaranteed
loans to small businesses who maintain their payroll. That means these small businesses, self-employed individuals, and “gig economy” workers have
the support they need to keep their businesses going and keep their employees on payroll.
+ *This program is also available to 501(c)(3) nonprofits, 501(c)(19) veteran’s organizations, and 31(b)(2)(c) tribal organizations.
+ $350 billion in federally guaranteed credit for small businesses so that they can keep staff.
+ $10 billion for Small Business Administration emergency grants of up to $10,000 to provide immediate relief for small business operating costs.
+ $17 billion for the Small Business Administration to cover 6 months of payments for small businesses with existing loans.
Helps Families Stay in Their Homes
Implements a Foreclosure Moratorium on Federally-Backed Mortgages for People Who Experience Hardship
as a Result of COVID-19 – Prohibits foreclosures on all federally-backed mortgage loans for a 60-day period beginning March 18, 2020. Provides up to
180 days of forbearance for borrowers of a federally-backed mortgage loan who have experienced hardship related to the COVID-19 emergency.
Provides Relief to People with Federal Student Loans Affected by COVID-19
Requires federal student loan payments, principal, and interest be deferred for 6 months through September 30, 2020 without penalty
to the student. This provides relief for over 95 percent of student loan borrowers.
Fully mobilizes America’s health care sector and prioritizes rural health
Significantly expands telehealth so that patients can see doctors with whom they don’t already have a relationship from the safety
of their own home, connecting people on home dialysis with providers, and allowing federally qualified health centers to participate.
+ The bill also fully mobilizes the care community empowering nurse practitioners and physicians’ assistants to prescribe home health services.
Makes Common Sense Reforms to Health Savings Accounts
Allows the use of HSAs to cover telehealth and over the counter drugs without a prescription.
Stabilizes the Economy by Authorizing the Federal Reserve to Provide Liquidity to Markets
Providing $454 billion for loans, loan guarantees, and investments in support of the Federal Reserve’s lending facilities to eligible
businesses, states, and municipalities.
Provides Loans (Not Bailouts) to Support Important National Industry
Provides direct lending through the Treasury’s Exchange Stabilization Fund to passenger airlines, cargo airlines, and businesses
important to “maintaining national security.”
Protects Workers, Not Executive Compensation
Prohibits the passenger airlines, cargo airlines, and businesses important to maintaining national security from engaging in stock
buybacks and increasing compensation of any officer or employee beyond $425,000. These recipients are also required to maintain payroll in order to
Additionally, the Congress allocates $340 billion sending a surge of emergency funding to combat the coronavirus outbreak on all fronts.
+ More than 80%, or $274 billion, of this funding will go to state and local governments.
+ The comprehensive package brings to bear the full resources of the federal government to protect the health and well-being of Americans.
THIS PACKAGE INCLUDES
+ $117 billion for hospitals and veterans’ health care;
+ $45 billion for FEMA disaster relief fund;
+ $16 billion for the Strategic National Stockpile which includes procuring personal protective equipment, ventilators, and other necessary medical
supplies for federal and state response efforts.
– When combined with the first coronavirus emergency appropriation (Phase I) law, $17 billion has been provided to fund America’s medical supply needs.
+ $11 billion for vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics, and other medical needs; + $11 billion for America’s military;
+ $8.8 billion for child nutrition programs;
+ $4.3 billion for the Centers for Disease Control;
+ $562 million to support small businesses through the disaster loans program account;
+ $275 million to expand services and capacity for rural hospitals, telehealth, poison control centers, and HIV/AIDS programs;
+ $250 million to improve the capacity of health care facilities;
+ $25 million for distance learning telemedicine, and broadband to support rural communities in accessing health and education resources.
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